How to set up a turntable

Setting up a turntable can be a tricky business, so here are some simple tips on how to get the best out of your deck

Record players are arguably the most temperamental of hi-fi components. Even the best are easily upset by inconsiderate positioning, poor adjustment or inadequate support.

Get everything right, though, and they can shine in a way that will make you wonder why we ever bothered with digital.

Most budget turntables come pre-assembled. That’s to say they come with arm and cartridge attached and adjusted. So you should be good to go.

As you move up in price – say £500 and above – it becomes more common that a certain amount of assembly is involved. You can get the supplying dealer to do this – but if you fancy doing the set-up yourself, it isn’t too difficult.

For those keen to have a go, a decent tool kit is a must. The bare minimum is a good set of small Allen keys, a set of precision screwdrivers and a pair of long-nose pliers along with an accurate spirit level. With these, you can set up most decks, including fitting and adjusting the tonearm and cartridge.


How to set up a turntable


The first thing to get right is not the turntable, but the support it sits on. This has to be absolutely level – any deviation will affect how well your record player works. The support should also be rigid and well controlled in terms of internal resonances.

Some decks respond well when placed on heavy supports, other prefers lighter alternatives. Much of this depends on the structural behaviour of the deck itself and can only be decided by experimenting.

The issue of levelling doesn’t stop there. If your record player has adjustable feet, make sure it sits flat and, if it has suspension, ensure the platter is level too.

It all sounds obvious, but making sure everything sits level is vital – you’ll never be able to optimise the performance of your deck if this aspect isn’t right, no matter how well the rest of the adjustments are done.


Most turntables come pre-fitted with a tonearm. If you want to change that, or have bought a more esoteric deck that comes without an arm, you’ll need an appropriate armboard.

Turntable manufacturers should be able to supply a range of armboard options, which should suit just about any tonearm out there. In the worst case, it isn’t too difficult to machine one to fit.

There are a number of adjustments on the tonearm. Its height has to be set so the arm is parallel to the record’s surface when the cartridge sits in the groove.

It’s possible to fine-tune performance by altering this so the arm bearing is a little higher or lower. This alters the angle at which the stylus tip meets the groove – but we’d start with it level.



Then there’s the tracking weight, which is adjusted by moving a counter-weight at the rear of the tonearm. The down-force should be set according to the cartridge manufacturer’s recommendation, to start with at least.

If the tracking weight is set too high, the sound becomes dull and ponderous. Too low and the presentation turns thin and the cartridge won’t track the groove properly.

The last adjustment on the tonearm is that of bias. Bias is a sideways force on the cartridge to balance out the inward pull of the record groove. The bias is usually set to the same amount as the tracking weight.

As with the tracking weight, don’t be afraid of playing around with the bias setting – small changes can make a notable difference.

Most cartridges are mounted on the arm with a couple of bolts. That’s easy enough to do, if a touch fiddly. It’s trickier to align it accurately so that the stylus tip sits perfectly in line in the record groove.

Even small errors in alignment increase distortion massively, so take the time to get this right: most deck manufacturers include a suitable gauge.

It’s worth making sure the tonearm lead isn’t stressed, and is positioned away from anything that runs on mains voltage. This will prevent excessive hum.

Get all this right and you’ll have a deck working at its best. Enjoy.


Indeed, the company’s glut of What Hi-Fi? Awards should indicate we find no discernable shortcomings at this price, though that isn’t to say this Clearaudio is the perfect option for everyone. Many might, for example, prefer the more vigorous performance offered by the Rega RP6/Exact.

Knocking at the Concept’s door with more urgency though, is the updated (SB) version of Pro-Ject’s 2Xperience, which perhaps isn’t so widely talented but has a satisfying warmth that also makes listening to it a joy.

But, no, we can’t see anyone turning down the Clearaudio Concept for a lack of talent. It is as clean, rhythmic, detailed and spacious as you’ll find for the money, not to mention engaging and entertaining. A Conceptual masterpiece, you could say.

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